Holy Places In India - Amarnath

According to Hindu belief, Amarnath Yatra is considered to be the most difficult journey. It is said that who traveled to Amarnath, his life became successful. Amarnath Cave located in Jammu and Kashmir is one of the major shrines of Lord Shiva located worldwide. Its belief is that millions of people complete this journey every year despite facing challenges. This 48-day journey starts in July every year. The center of attraction here is the cave of Amarnath. The cave of Amarnath is located at a height of 3888 meters 141 km from Srinagar. The cave has a length of 19 meters and a width of 16 meters. Throughout the year, this cave is covered with heavy snow. In the summer, when the snow begins to melt, it is opened to devotees for some time. By the way, Amarnath is also called the pilgrimage place of pilgrimage, because it was here that Lord Shiva told his divine wife Parvati the secret of life and eternity.


The story of Shivling is related to Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati. The special thing is that this Shivling is made naturally by ice. It is said that water droplets drip from place to place in this cave, which naturally creates Shivling. Shivalinga, about 10 feet tall with natural snow, is formed here every year. Also known as Himani Shivling. According to religious belief, as the size of the moon decreases or increases, the size of the Shivling decreases and increases. The wonder is that the Shiva lingam made here is of solid ice, while the ice inside the cave is raw, which melts as soon as you touch it. Millions of travelers come here for snowing darshan from Ashada Purnima to Rakshabandhan.



According to the legend, the Amarnath cave was discovered by Bhrigu Muni. It is said that a long time ago, the Kashmir valley was submerged in water. Kashyapa Muni then took it out of the water through a series of rivers. Then Bhrigu Muni was the first person who saw the cave of Amarnath.


According to religious mythology, the story of two pigeons present in the cave is also associated with Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It is said that once Goddess Parvati asked Lord Shiva the secret of her being immortal. To tell whom Lord Shiva took them to this cave so that no human beings could listen to this story. Because whoever heard this story would surely become immortal. According to the Puranas, Lord Shiva narrated the story of his harsh practice to Parvati here, which is called immortality. While listening to the story, Parvati fell asleep but Shivji did not know. He kept narrating his story. At that time there were two pigeons, who were listening to his story and making the sound of -hoon in the middle, then Shiva felt that Parvati was making a sound while listening to the story. When they saw it later, Parvati was fast asleep, but the two pigeons became immortal after hearing her story. Lord Shiva got very angry on this matter and thought of killing him. Then the pigeons asked Lord Shiva to kill us if you want, but this will make your immortal story false. After which Lord Shankar forgave her and gave her a boon that you will always reside at this place as a symbol of Mother Parvati. Since then the legend of two pigeons in the cave became prevalent. However, the question of people is whether these pigeons are still seen here. So tell that in this cave you can see flocks of many pigeons, but it is impossible to guess who are the pigeons listening to the immortal tale.


Before the Amarnath Yatra, the doctors recommend some necessary medical tests, so that the passengers do not face any problem during the journey. These include blood disorder, joint pain, high blood pressure, asthma, pregnancy, diabetes, epilepsy, nervous breakdown. In addition, passengers will have to tell if they are smokers. Is there discharge from their ears. Apart from this, if you have any allergy, then you will also have to get it tested.



There are two routes leading to the journey of Amarnath. First from Pahalgam and second from Baltal. Pahalgam is the base camp of the Amarnath Yatra, from where travelers begin the trek to the Amarnath cave. If you are going by road then you will have to go to Jammu first, then travel from Jammu to Srinagar. From here you can start the journey from Pahalgam or Baltal anywhere. The distance from here to the Amarnath cave is about 91 km to 92 km. If you want to reach Amarnath by bus, then Delhi to Ragalur bus service is available 24 hours to Amarnath.


Now let's talk about the route of Amarnath Yatra. So tell that the distance between the Baltal route to the Amarnath cave is only 14 km. But this path is quite difficult because the stairs are standing here, so choosing this path can prove to be difficult. If you go through the Pahalgam route, it will take three days to reach the Amarnath cave from here. The distance of the cave from here is about 48 -50 km. But it is a very old route of Amarnath Yatra and it is quite easy to decide the path of the cave by this route.



Registration and travel permit for Amarnath Yatra is available on first come first serve basis. Only one passenger can travel with a travel permit. Every registration branch is allotted a certain day and route to register passengers. The registration branch decides that the number of passengers per route quota should not be too high. Every traveler will be required to submit a travel and health certificate along with obtaining a travel permit. Forms for registration and health certificate are made available online by SASB. While applying for the travel permit, passengers are required to keep a health certificate, four passport size photographs with them.

The registration officer here provides different travel permits for Baltal and Pahalgam. The color of these permits is also different for every day.

Permits are provided for lavender on Monday, pink lace on Tuesday, badge color on Wednesday, peach on Thursday, lemon chiffon on Friday, blue on Saturday and honey dew on Sunday. Whereas for Baltal route, travelers get permit of Lamon Chiffon on Monday, Blue on Tuesday, Honey Dew on Wednesday, Lavender on Thursday, Pink Lace on Friday, Badge on Saturday and Peach color on Sunday.



1) Before leaving for a trip, keep in mind how smooth and easy you can make the journey. Because it is not everyone's bus to complete this journey.

2) Children below the age of 13 years and elderly above 75 years are not allowed to travel. It is prohibited for pregnant women for more than six months to go on this journey.

3) By the way, you should take some food and drink with you for the journey. But even then, there is a system of langar for the passengers, where food is available free of cost.

4) The weather here is quite cold. In such a situation, pack your warm clothes with full sleeves, sweater, wind stopper, raincoat, monkey cap, hot socks and flashlight. Wearing slippers in the feet is the best option, it will make your long journey smooth.

5) Travelers are advised to wear waterproof shoes during the journey. This is because these shoes are made of plastic and rubber. Wearing it in ice and water is very easy.

6) Since 2014, it has been made necessary for Amarnath pilgrims to undergo medical examinations. You cannot be a part of the journey without giving a medical certificate. Even for helicopter rides, it is important to show you a health certificate. Keep in mind that this medical certificate is prescribed by the doctors of the Amarnath Shrine Board.

7) Any type of photography is prohibited within the cave. Fines also have to be paid for doing so. Therefore, definitely read the guidelines issued by the Indian Army every year for the Amarnath Yatra.

8) Take along with you lip cream, cold cream, flash light, toilet paper, water bottle, first aid kit, trekking stick.

9) Carry with you ID proof, driving license and travel permit before traveling.

10) Pre-paid SIM cards do not work in other states, so passengers can buy activated SIM cards from Baltal and Nunwan base camps.

11) Women are advised to wear salwar-suits, pant shirts or track suits instead of sarees.

12) Do not travel on an empty stomach at all. If you do this, then you may be a victim of some serious problem.

13) Do not bring anything made of polythene material with you. Their use is banned here under the law of Jammu and Kashmir.

14) It is prohibited to carry coins, chunari, copper lotus inside the cave.

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