Beautiful Hill Stations In India - Chamba

Chamba is a city in Himachal Pradesh province of India. Chamba in Himachal Pradesh is well known for its delightful temples and handicrafts. Chamba, situated at an altitude of 996 meters on the banks of the Ravi River, was the ancient capital of the hill kings. Chamba was founded by Raja Sahil Varman in 920 AD. He named this city after his beloved daughter Champawati. Chamba surrounded by high hills surrounds ancient culture and heritage. Many traces of ancient times can be seen in Chamba.

Jab 'Jab' is the Arabic name for Chamba. It also has names like Jaffa, Haab, Aba and Village. It's ancient capital was Brahmapur (Vairatpattan). Huentsang has written describing it that it is situated between the rivers Alkhananda and Karnali. After some time the capital of this state became Chamba. It was merged into Himachal Pradesh ruled by the Government of India on 15 April 1949.

Arab writers have generally written to the Suryavanshi Rajput rulers of Chamba with the title 'Jab'. Haban Rusta is of the opinion that this rule belonged to the Saluki dynasty but there is a difference of opinion among scholars regarding the origin of the dynasty. Haban Khurraddabi first used 'jab' in 6 AD, but it seems that the term had its origin in Arab literature before this. Thus it is believed to be authentic that Chamba city existed in the first decade of the 9th century.


TOURIST PLACES IN CHAMBA


CHAMPAWATI TEMPLE                                        

This temple is dedicated to the daughter of King Sahil Varman. The temple is located behind the city's police post and the treasury building. Champawati is said to have inspired her father to establish Chamba Nagar. The temple is built in Shikhar style. The temple has beautifully carved stones and the roof has been carved.


LAXMI NARAYAN TEMPLE

This temple is an excellent example of traditional architecture and sculpture. This temple is the largest and ancient among the 9 major temples of Chamba. It is said that earlier this temple was located in Chaugan in Chamba, but later this temple was established with Rajmahal (which is presently the state college of Chamba district). This temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu was built by King Sahil Varman in the 10th century. This temple is built in Shikhar style. The temple has an aircraft and a sanctum sanctorum. The structure of the temple is similar to a mandap. The canopies and stone roof of the temple protect it from snowfall.


BHANDAL VALLEY

This valley attracts wildlife lovers. This beautiful valley is situated at an altitude of 6006 feet. This valley is connected to Saluni, 22 km away from Chamba. Jammu and Kashmir can be reached by trekking from here.


BHARMOUR

This ancient capital of Chamba was earlier known as Brahmapura. Located at an altitude of 2195 meters, Bharmour is surrounded by dense forests. According to legends, 84 saints came here in the 10th century. He blessed the king here with 10 sons and a daughter Champavati. The temple built here is known as Chaurasi. Lakshmi Devi, Ganesh and Narasimha temples are the only terror under the Chaurasi temple. There is a good trekking route from Bharmour to Kugati Pass and Kalicho Pass.


CHAUGAN

It is an open meadow. About 1 km long and 75 meters wide, this plain is situated in the middle of Chamba. Minjar fair is organized every year in Chaugan. Local residents dress up in colorful costumes for a week-long fair. A large number of cultural and sports activities are organized here on this occasion. But now Chaugan is divided into three fours.


VAJRESHWARI TEMPLE

This ancient temple is believed to be one thousand years old. Dedicated to Vajreshwari, the Goddess of Light, this temple is located at the end of Jansali Bazar located in the northern part of the city. Built in Shikhar style, the roof of this temple is made of wood and is situated on a platform. The top of the temple is beautifully carved.


SUI MATA TEMPLE                           

The temple is dedicated to the princess Sui, who sacrificed her life for the residents of Chamba. This temple is situated on the peak of Shah Madar Hill. Here Sui Mata rested for some time. Here in Sui Mata's memory, every year Sui Mata fair starts from Chait month and goes on till Baisakh month. This fair is celebrated by women and children. Rani's songs are sung at the fair and people go from Sui temple to the Queen's Validan site Maluna to pay tribute to the Queen's sacrifice.


CHAMUNDA DEVI TEMPLE

This temple is located on the top of the mountain, from where one can see the slate terraces of Chamba and the beautiful view of the river Ravi and its surroundings. The temple is built on a high platform and is dedicated to Goddess Durga. Above the doors of the temple, the pillars and roof are beautifully carved. There is a small temple of Shiva behind the temple. The temple is three kilometers from Chamba to the right of the Chamba-Jammuhar road. The Archaeological Department of India looks after the temple.


HARI RAYA TEMPLE

This temple of Lord Vishnu was built in the 11th century. It is said that this temple was built by Salbahan. The temple is situated on the north west side of Chaugan. The top of the temple is beautifully carved. The bronze statue of Lord Vishnu made of bronze in the four-dimensional shape of Hariraya temple is installed. This saffron colored temple is one of the oldest temples of Chamba.


RANG MAHAL

This ancient and huge palace is situated in Surada locality. The palace now has a Himachal Emporium. The foundation of this palace was laid by Raja Umed Singh (1748–1768). The southern part of the palace was built by Raj Sri Singh in 1860. This palace is a mixed example of Mughal and British style. This palace was the residence of the rulers here.


AKHAND CHANDI MAHAL 

This residence of the royal families of Chamba was built by King Umed Singh between 1748 and 1764. The palace was renovated with the help of British engineers during the tenure of Raja Sham Singh. In 1879, Captain Marshall built a court hall in the palace. Later, during the tenure of Raja Bhuri Singh, the Zanana Mahal was added to it. A clear influence of the British and the Mughals can be seen in the design of the palace. In 1958, the heirs of the royal families sold the palace to the Himachal government. The palace was later handed over to the Education Department for the Government College and District Library.


KHAJJIAR           

Khajjiar is the most beautiful place of Chamba. It is 22 km from Chamba. Is at a distance of m. Lakhs of people come here every year to roam here. There is a lake here which is quite old. And whose view is pleasing to the minds of the people. The grass lying on this lake has grown so much. The people grow this grass in the fire of their house. The famous Chaugan Chamba grass is also brought from this and every year this Khajjiar grass is grown in Chaugan of Chamba.


KOONRA

The district is located 53 km from the headquarters. People of Gaddi community also live in the said village. It is said that during the Mahabharata period, when the Kauravas had given exile to the Pandavas, during this time, the Pandavas had lunch with Mata Kunti, after whom the said village was first named Kuntapuri, which people gradually found their ease. Gave the name of the coura to speak according to. The Kangra Panchayat has about 1400 population. There is a Shiva temple built by the Pandavas. It is accompanied by several stone sculptures made by the Pandavas.


HOW TO REACH

BY AIR
The nearest airport to Chamba is in Amritsar, Punjab, which is 240 km from Chamba. Bus or taxi services can be availed from Amritsar to Chamba.


BY TRAIN
Pathankot, 140 km from Chamba, is the nearest railway station. Pathankot is connected to Delhi and Mumbai via regular trains. Chamba can be reached from here by bus or taxi.


BY ROAD
Chamba is connected by road with major cities of Himachal and Delhi, Dharamshala and Chandigarh. State Transport Corporation buses ply regularly for Chamba.



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