Historical Places in India - Charminar

Charminar is one of the most beautiful buildings in India. Charminar, located in the center of Hyderabad, is an internationally recognized historical icon. This monument as a tourist destination attracts people immensely. The monument was built when Qutub Shah shifted his capital from Golconda to Hyderabad. Charminar got its name from its structure as it has four towers. The area around Charminar is popular for colorful bangles, jewelry, beads and fabulous dishes. Tourism rarely leaves Hyderabad city without visiting Charminar and its surrounding markets. Many believe that these four minarets belong to the first four caliphs of Islam. It is located on the eastern bank of the Musi River and is considered one of the amazing structures in India.

The memorial was built in 1591 to commemorate the end of an epidemic in Hyderabad. Charminar, along with the Qutub Shahi Tombs and Golconda Fort have been added to the "Temporary List" of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

In general, Charminar refers to four minarets or towers. In Urdu, Char means "Char" and Minar means "Tower". Each tower represents an Islamic leader. Charminar holds religious and historical significance. Apart from this, Charminar is also a symbol of love and romance between Quli Qutb Shah and Bhagmati.

Charminar was built by Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty when he shifted his capital from Golconda to Hyderabad. According to historians, water inadequacy and plague forced Quli Qutb Shahi to relocate his capital. He made a promise that if the suffering of the people in his city was reduced, he would build a memorial. Charminar was built to decide and eradicate the plague from the city.

According to some legends, Quli Qutb Shah saw his beloved wife Baghmati at this site. He built Charminar as a token of his eternal love for his wife. There is also a legend that there is a secret tunnel under Charminar which connects it to Golconda Fort. It was built for the exodus of the royal family in times of emergency.

The structure of Charminar is a motif, inspired by the shape of Shia Tzias, which have a length of 20 meters. It has four grand arches that open into four streets. There is a 56 meter tall tower on each corner with a double balcony. Each tower has a dome with petal-like design. To reach the top floor, you have to climb 149 stairs. The structure is made of granite, mortar, marble and limestone. There is a mosque at the western end of the open terrace, where there is a collective prayer on Friday. Devotees could offer namaz in a very peaceful manner inside the mosque.

You can get a panoramic view of the city from the balconies of Charminar. The Charminar structure is a classic example of Indo-Islamic architecture with Persian influences. The monument's arches and domes define the influence of Islamic architecture, while the Persian influence is prominent by its minarets. Balconies and outside walls, embellished with plaster floral embellishments on the ceilings that display the influence of the Hindu style of architecture. The second floor and upper pillars of Charminar are not open to the public.


Charminar is famous for many things, but is best known for lip smacking dishes and great bargains. Lad Bazaar is the oldest and main market in Charminar region. It is popular for bangles, pearls, jewelry, semi-precious stones, silverware, Kalamkari paintings, sarees, silk materials, gold embroidered fabrics, lacquer bangles, etars and traditional candid dupattas. Apart from this, tourists can also buy Golconda painting, Bidri work and Gongura pickle from here. The Charminar region is also famous for delectable food items which are the pride of Hyderabadi cuisine. While shopping on the crowded streets, you can taste the traditional foods available here such as biryani, mirchi ka salan, haleem.


Charminar is open for tourists from 9:30 am to 5:30 pm. No camera is allowed inside the Charminar. But if you want to take the camera with you, then it will have to be charged separately.


HOW TO REACH

BY AIR
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Shamshabad caters domestic and international traffic to the city. The airport serves all major domestic and international airlines, some of which range from Air Asia, Indigo, Jet Airways, Air India to Sri Lankan Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Emirates and Etihad Airways. Huh. The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport is around 20 km from Charminar and will take you about 45 minutes to reach there.


BY TRAIN 
Hyderabad Deccan Railway Station (HYB) also known as Nampally Railway Station is the nearest railway station to Charminar at about 4 km. There are Hyderabad MMTS (Multi-Modal Transport System) trains running from Hyderabad Deccan or Nampally to Lingampalli / Falaknuma, and are a great way to get to other places in the city.


BY ROAD
The Charminar bus stop near Mecca Masjid on Charminar Road in Panch Mohalla is the nearest bus stand to Charminar. It is about 800 meters away and will take 10–12 minutes to reach the site. There are many buses from Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) that connect Hyderabad to other smaller, even smaller parts of the city. Charminar is located 5 km from Hyderabad bus station. APSRTC (Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation) runs regular buses from every part of the city. You can reach Charminar from any place of the city by hiring an auto rickshaw or taxi.

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