Historical Places in India - Hastinapur
During the Mahabharata period, Hastinapur was the capital of the kings of the Kuru dynasty. The first reference to Hastinapur in Hindu history comes as the capital of Emperor Bharata. The Maha Kavya is based on the incidents described in Hastinapur described in the Mahabharata.
The history of Hastinapur starts from the period of Mahabharata. It is also described in the scriptures as Gajpur, Hastinapur, Nagpur, Asandivat, Brahmasthala, Shanti Nagar and Kunjarpur etc. King Samprati, grandson of Emperor Ashoka, has built many temples here during his empire. Ancient temples and stupas are not here today. The town of Hastinapur was situated on the banks of the holy river Ganges. Excavations at Hastinapur were carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India BB in the 1950s. Done by Lal.
As already explained, Hastinapur is a sacred place for both Hindu and Jain religions. Many holy temples like - Pandeshwar Temple, Karan Temple and Kamal Temple are situated here. For the Jain communities, the city has Digambar Jain Bada Temple, Jain Jambuddeep Temple and Shri Shwetambar Jain Temple. Apart from temples, there are other interesting places including Mount Kailash, Ashtapad and Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary, which was established in 1986.
The best time to visit Hastinapur is from October to March. The rest of the year is very hot and dry here. However, being an important pilgrimage center, Hastinapur fascinates tourists. Tourists keep coming here on special festivals or occasions throughout the year.
TOURIST PLACES IN HASTINAPUR
The Lotus Temple is also known as the Lotus Temple. Kamal Temple, the mythological temple is located in the premises of the Jambudweep temple. This temple is small but very beautiful which was built in February 1975. The idol of Lord Mahavir is installed in this temple. Thousands of devotees, pilgrims and tourists visit this temple every year. During this time, they also give a lot of donations in worship. The devotees, after fulfilling their vow or on request, come here to light the earthen lamp and offer gold parasols. This temple is situated near the Sumeru mountain with a height of 101 feet. The highest place or peak can be reached after climbing 136 steps.From the upper reaches of the Sumeru Mountains, there is a magnificent view of the mountains and rivers of Jambweep, rivers, temples, gardens, and the surrounding forests of the city. According to Jain scriptures, Sumeru mountain is the most sacred mountain and the highest mountain in the universe. All Jain Tirthankaras are anointed on this mountain. This is why models have also been made in this temple.
OLD PANDESHWAR TEMPLE
Hastinapur means elephant city, which used to be the capital of the Kauravas during the Mahabharata period. However, the battle of Mahabharata took place in Kurukshetra but the seeds of this battle were sown in Hastinapur itself. After the war of Mahabharata, Hastinapur was ruled by the Pandavas. In ruins located in an old city of Hastinapur, the old Pandeshwar temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. According to legends, the Shivling kept in the sanctum sanctorum of the temple was donated by Danveer Karna, the elder brother of the Pandavas. Danveer Karna was considered the greatest philanthropist of his time. Karna was one of the great heroes of the Mahabharata, who fought on the side of the Kauravas. The temple is located at the top of a small hill under a statue of Maa Kali built by the Bengali community. From here, one can get a panoramic view of the city of Hastinapur and its surrounding areas.
JAIN JAMBUDWEEP TEMPLE
The Jain Jambudweep Temple, Jain Sadhvi, is reverently built in memory of the tireless and dedicated efforts of HH Shiromani Gyanmati Mataji. It is said that Sadhvi saw a dream in 1965 in the Vindhya Mountains, meditating under the sacred statue of Lord Bahuvali, in which he saw thirteen islands with Madhuloka - Middle Universe. Later the dream seen by Sadhvi was accepted as true after finding inscriptions associated with Jainism such as Tilopannatti and Triloskar, all of which were around 2000 years old. It is believed that the first Jain Tirthankara Lord Rishabhdev had seen the same dream. Sadhvi started a padayatra (walking tour) across the country to find the exact location, so that the spot seen in the dream could be found. Finally she arrives at Hastinapur, where she realizes that this is the place she saw in her dream. The foundation stone of this temple was laid in 1974, which was completely completed in 1985. In fact, the structural representative of this temple is depicted in the religious books of the Tirthankaras in the geography of the world. Here is the center of the 101 feet high Sumeru mountain and a 250 feet diameter Jambudweep which is spread in four regions in four directions - East, West, North and South.
According to scriptures, Lord Adinath had renounced his kingdom and entered into ascetic life. He performed Tapasvi's life well and was on fast for more than a year. No person requested them to break the fast or to eat food, because people did not know their ritual procedure properly. As he reached Hastinapur, his younger brother Shreyansh Kumar, who was the ruler of Hastinapur, came to know about the ordeal of God. He recalled the processes associated with his previous birth and accordingly, offered sugarcane juice to God on the Vaishakh Shukla Tritiya.Shreyansh Kumar built a stupa and a temple, exactly where the Lord broke his fast. It is called Parana - fast break - temple Adinath Nishiyaji. In this temple, the footprints of Lord Adinath are also built on a stone. Nishiaji's temple is located in Hastinapur near the Ganga Canal or Canal. Every year thousands of tourists come to Nishiyaji for worship and worship of the footprints of Lord Adinath. In this temple special festivals and programs are organized on many festivals like - Das Garh Puja Day, Akshaya Tritiya Parva, Holi and Kartik Purnima. Mahayagya is organized here in March every year.
DHARAM SINGH GURUDWARA
Bhai Dharam Singh Gurudwara is located in Saifpur, 2.5 km from Hastinapur. Falls at a distance of. It was built in memory of Bahi Dharam Singh, who was one of the five revered Gurus or Panj Pyaras in the Sikhs. The Guru asked the names of five of his disciples who would be willing to sacrifice their souls because of him. These five people are known as the Sikh loyalists in the first group. Dharam Singh was also one of these five volunteers. Bhai Dharam Singh originally belonged to the Jat community. His name was Dharam Das. He was the son of brothers Santram and Mai Sabo, born in 1666 in Saifpur - Karamchand, Hastinapur.This saint was a very religious person. He introduced Sikhism from the time he was just 13 years old. He spent most of his life in search of acquiring knowledge. At the age of 42, he died in 1708 at Gurdwara Nanded Sahib. Bhai Dharam Singh Gurdwara is considered one of the most sacred centers in the Sikh community.
HOW TO REACH
The nearest airport to Hastinapur is located in Delhi. Taxis can be hired from Delhi Airport to Hastinapur or can be reached by bus.
The nearest railway station to Hastinapur in Meerut. From here you can hire taxis which will reach Hastinapur. By the way, there are regular buses from Meerut to Hastinapur during the day, which are easily available from 7:30 am to 8:00 pm.
Hastinapur is well connected by road with the major city of North India. The bus service is frequent and regular.